10 Recipes For Jewish Shavuot. The Jewish festival of Shavuot (Pentecost) celebrates the harvest season in Israel and the anniversary of the giving of the Ten Commandments (the Torah) to the Israelites. It is customary to eat dishes featuring cheese or some other form of dairy. You can also use barley. Try using it in grain salads, such as this Black Bean and Barley Salad, or simply toss it with roasted vegetables and your favorite vinaigrette and serve warm or at room temperature. I hope you enjoy these recipes whether you are celebraying Shavuot or a different holiday.